The postive duties on the state to investigate trafficking and protect victims
There is no dispute that: there is no precise data on the number of victims of trafficking currently in the UK; that a proportion of victims come into contact with the State; that some victims are referred into the National Referral Mechanism for identification and support (NRM) and some are not; and some are recognised as victims of trafficking and some are not.
Absent an effective investigation or proper enquiry, if victims are not identified, they may face detention, removal, destitution, re-trafficking and other serious forms of harm.
It is imperative that all frontline staff are properly trained so that they are able to recognise and identify victims of trafficking, investigate their cases, and take necessary action to protect – such as making a referral into the NRM.3 The investigative and identificatory obligations fall squarely on the state: self-identification by victims is not to be relied upon.
This presentation looks at the core duties to investigate, identify, and protect; the source of those duties; and their application in situations where the police and the Home Office are most likely to come into contact with victims - enforcement action, immigration crime raids, police stations, prisons, detention centres, screening, immigration procedures, and visa posts.
Author: Catherine Meredith
Publication date: July 15 2016