About Public Law
This section provides an overview of public law issues. The Public Law project has published a number of short guides to public law - you can find them in our Resource Library here.
What is public law?
Public law is the set of legal principles which govern the exercise of power by public bodies.
What are public bodies?
There are many public bodies of various kinds who take decisions every day which affect the lives of thousands of individuals. They include government ministers and departments, local authorities, the prison service, NHS Trusts, coroners' courts and many more.
What are public law remedies?
There are many procedures by which individuals can challenge the legality of decisions made by public bodies. They include:
Judicial review: court proceedings in which a judge is asked to review the lawfulness of the decision which is being challenged;
Complaints procedures such as the social service complaints procedure; and
Ombudsman schemes such as the Local Government Ombudsman, and the Parliamentary Commissioner for Administration
Lord Reed, Judgement Walton (Appellant) v The Scottish Ministers (Respondent) (Scotland) UKSC 2012
...there may also be cases in which any individual, simply as a citizen, will have sufficient interest to bring a public authority’s violation of the law to the attention of the court, without having to demonstrate any greater impact upon himself than upon other members of the public. The rule of law would not be maintained if, because everyone was equally affected by an unlawful act, no-one was able to bring proceedings to challenge it.